Nakhon Si Thammarat, the second largest province in southern Thailand, lies 780 kilometers south of Bangkok along the Gulf of Thailand within the lush interior of the Isthmus of Kra. Nakhon Si Thammarat played an important role in the history of Thailand, including its role as an important center of Thai Buddhism perhaps as early as the Srivijaya Period or earlier in the 3rd century C.E. Nakhon Si Thammarat was also a major region of trade between merchants from the Indian, Arabic, Dvaravati, and Champa states and later for merchants from British, Portuguese and Dutch empires.
In addition to its great history, Nakhon Si Thammarat boasts many undeveloped beaches as well as two national parks within an interior of verdant jungles abundant with luxuriant vegetation, beautiful waterfalls, and exotic wildlife.
Nakhon Si Thammarat city contains many Muslim, Buddhist and Hindu temples and is an excellent place to see a performance of Thai nǎng tàlung featuring handmade shadow puppets, a performance art the region is famed for. In fact, both Thai nǎng tàlung (shadow play) and lákhon (Thai classical dance-drama) art forms were developed in Nakhon.
Nakhon Si Thammarat, the second largest province in the south, lies 780 kilometers south of Bangkok. The capital of Nakhon Si Thammarat is one of the most ancient cities in Thailand, formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Ligor, which was an independent kingdom for many centuries and a historical center of Buddhism in ancient Thailand. Today Nakhon Si Thammarat is renowned for its shadow puppets, its beautiful countryside, and its beautiful and diverse temple architecture.
Although its not a major tourist destination, thanks to its location, size, and historical importance there are numerous options for getting to and from Nakhon Si Thammarat. Once in Nakhon Si Thammarat there are numerous ways to get around the province.
Getting to and from Nakhon Si Thammarat
- By Train:
There are rapid and express trains departing from Bangkoks Hua Lumphong Railway Station to Nakhon Si Thammarat at 5.35 p.m. and 7.15 p.m. For more information, contact tel. 1690, 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020, visit www.railway.co.th or call Nakhon Si Thammarat train station at tel. 0 7535 6364 or 0 7534 6129.
- By Car:
Nakhon Si Thammarat lies 780 kilometers south of Bangkok by road. From Bangkok, take Highway No. 4 towards Hua Hin and then Highway No. 41 until arriving in Amphoe Phun Phin in Surat Thani; finally, take Highway No. 401 along the coast to Nakhon Si Thammarat city.
- By Bus:
Regular and air-conditioned busses depart daily for Nakhon Si Thammarat from Bangkok's Southern Bus Terminal. The trip takes about 12 hours. There are three types of air-conditioned busses that leave Bangkok either early in the morning, in the evening, or at night.
- By Air:
Thai AirAsia and Nok Air offer regularly scheduled daily flights between Bangkok and Nakhon Si Thammarat, an approximately one hour journey.
Getting Around Nakhon Si Thammarat
Travel within the province is easy, both by local busses and taxis, and mini-bus service provides transportation around Nakhon Si Thammarat city. Transport to nearby provinces includes vans, taxis, buses, and trains.
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